MSSP SealUNITED STATES PROBATION & PRETRIAL SERVICES

Southern District of Mississippi

Carolyn M. Romano, Chief U.S. Probation Officer __________________________________________________________________

 

 

TYPES OF SUPERVISION

Probation


In the federal system, probation is a form of community supervision that is imposed as a sentence following a criminal conviction. Offenders sentenced to probation serve their sentence in the community, as opposed to jail or prison, provided they abide by the conditions of probation as ordered by the court. Eligibility for probation depends on a number of factors, including the seriousness of the offense and the extent of a defendant's criminal history.

Supervised Release


A person sentenced to supervised release serves a term of community supervision following a period of imprisonment. It is a sentencing option available to the court for all offenders who committed their crimes on or after November 1, 1987. Unlike parole, supervised release is not a form of early release from prison, but rather a separate component of the original sentence imposed. These offenders are under the jurisdiction of the sentencing court, which determines the conditions of supervised release.

Parole and Mandatory Release


Parole and mandatory release are forms of early release from prison at the discretion of the U.S. Parole Commission, which sets the conditions of release and maintains jurisdiction of offenders who were sentenced prior to November 1, 1987. Unlike individuals on probation or supervised release, parolees and mandatory releasees serve a portion of their sentence of imprisonment in the community.

Other Forms of Supervision

Military Offenders:

The federal probation system supervises all military prisoners released on parole and supervised release. Parolees released from military prisons or disciplinary barracks are under the general jurisdiction of the Department of Defense and the specific jurisdiction of each Clemency and Parole Board of the Departments of the Army, Air Force, and Navy. Military prisoners released from Federal Bureau of Prisons facilities are under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Parole Commission.

Conditional Release:

Federal Probation Officers are authorized to supervise persons conditionally released into the community under the provisions of 18 U.S.C. § 4243 (Hospitalization of a Person Not Found Guilty By Reason of Insanity) and 18 U.S.C. § 4246 (Hospitalization of a Person Found Guilty and Due for Release but Suffering from a Mental Disease or Defect). Unlike probation, supervised release or parole, conditional release is a civil rather than criminal form of supervision.

Juvenile Supervision:

Following an adjudication of delinquency, the court may place a juvenile on probation or impose a term of juvenile supervision to follow official detention.

 

Quick Access to Useful Forms

NOW AVAILABLE: Electronic Monthly Supervision Reporting All you need is an email address!

If you are interested in getting set up to file your Monthly Supervison Reports electronically contact you probation officer for details.